The team at Nurseco aim to identify and care for the patient with acute hyperglycemia in the home setting and to promote self-care in the home.
- Hyperglycemia arises when not enough insulin is available to metabolize blood glucose. Infection, noncompliance with medication, failure to follow prescribed diet, or emotional stress may precipitate hyperglycemia.
- Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include increased thirst, increased urination, fruity or almond smelling breath, abdominal pains, weakness, deep breathing, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
- Severe hyperglycemia is a true emergency and the patient requires immediate medical attention. Profound dehydration, rapid and weak pulse, seizures, and coma may occur. The blood glucose level may range between 300 and 3000 mg/dl. If hyperglycemia is not treated, death may result. Hydration and insulin therapy in a monitored setting are key elements of treatment for severe hyperglycemia